• Address:
  • 921 SW 16th Ave, Portland, OR 97205
  • Hours of Operation:
  • Monday through Friday 8am to 6pm
  • Phone Number: 503-227-0573

Schedule to Win – Ray Ban Sunglasses Raffle


MARCH 2017

Eye Department is raffling plano Ray Ban Sunglasses for you and your friends!

Win big when you have an eye exam at Eye Department; Eye Care & Eyewear and two of your friends, family or co-workers mention you when they schedule their own eye exam appointment with Portland Eye Doctor Annie Bacon.

How it works:

Schedule your eye exam with Dr. Annie. Yes, every patient is eligible and this raffle includes patients using vision and/or medical insurance. After your exam, tell your family, friends and co-workers to schedule their own appointment within two weeks and the three of you will be entered to win a new pair of Ray Ban sunglasses. It’s that easy.

Schedule Together = Entered to Win Together

We have a great selection of Ray Ban sunglasses with all your favorite classics: Ray Ban Wayfarer | Ray Ban Club Master | Ray Ban Aviators and many others. Winners will be limited to selecting from in-stock plano non-polarized Ray Ban sunglasses.


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What is dry eye syndrome and what are the signs and symptoms for dry eyes?

What is dry eye syndrome and what are the signs and symptoms for dry eyes?

What is dry eye?

Dry eye occurs when the eye does not produce tears properly, or when the tears are not of the correct consistency and evaporate too quickly.

In addition, inflammation of the surface of the eye may occur along with dry eye. If left untreated, this condition can lead to pain, ulcers, or scars on the cornea, and some loss of vision. However, permanent loss of vision from dry eye is uncommon.

Dry eye can make it more difficult to perform some activities, such as using a computer or reading for an extended period of time, and it can decrease tolerance for dry environments, such as the air inside an airplane.

Other names for dry eye include dry eye syndrome, keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), dysfunctional tear syndrome, lacrimal keratoconjunctivitis, evaporative tear deficiency, aqueous tear deficiency, and LASIK-induced neurotrophic epitheliopathy (LNE).

What are the types of dry eye?

1) Aqueous tear-deficient dry eye is a disorder in which the lacrimal glands fail to produce enough of the watery component of tears to maintain a healthy eye surface.

2) Evaporative dry eye may result from inflammation of the meibomian glands, also located in the eyelids. These glands make the lipid or oily part of tears that slows evaporation and keeps the tears stable.

Dry eye can be associated with:

  1. inflammation of the surface of the eye, the lacrimal gland, or the conjunctiva;
  2. any disease process that alters the components of the tears;
  3. an increase in the surface of the eye, as in thyroid disease when the eye protrudes forward;
  4. cosmetic surgery, if the eyelids are opened too widely

What is the cornea?

The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped outer surface that covers the eye in front of the iris, the colored part of the eye. The cornea helps protect the rest of the eye from germs, dust, and other harmful matter. The cornea bends, or refracts, light entering the eye, and accounts for most of the eye’s total focusing power. It also serves as a filter to screen out most of the damaging ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths in sunlight.

The cornea is a highly organized, clear structure made up of a group of cells and proteins precisely arranged in layers, but it has no blood vessels to nourish or protect it against infection. Instead, it receives its nourishment from the tears and the watery fluid (aqueous humor) that fills the chamber behind it.

What are tears, and how do they relate to dry eye?

Tears, made by the lacrimal gland, are necessary for overall eye health and clear vision. Tears bathe the surface of the eye, keeping it moist, and wash away dust and debris. They also help protect the eye from bacterial and other types of infections.

Tears are composed of three major components: a) outer, oily, lipid layer produced by the meibomian glands; b) middle, watery, lacrimal layer produced by the lacrimal glands; and c) inner, mucous or mucin layer produced by goblet cells located within a thin transparent layer over the white part of the eye and covering the inner surface of the eyelids. Tears are made of proteins (including growth factors), electrolytes, and vitamins that are critical to maintain the health of the eye surface and to prevent infection.

Tears are constantly produced to bathe, nourish, and protect the eye surface. They are also produced in response to emergencies, such as a particle of dust in the eye, an infection or irritation of the eye, or an onset of strong emotions. When the lacrimal glands fail to produce sufficient tears, dry eye can result.

Any disease process that alters the components of tears can make them unhealthy and result in dry eye.



What are the symptoms of dry eye?

Dry eye symptoms may include any of the following:

  1. stinging or burning of the eye
  2. a sandy or gritty feeling as if something is in the eye
  3. episodes of excess tears following very dry eye periods
  4. a stringy discharge from the eye
  5. pain and redness of the eye
  6. episodes of blurred vision
  7. heavy eyelids
  8. inability to cry when emotionally stressed
  9. uncomfortable contact lenses
  10. decreased tolerance of reading, working on the computer, or any activity that requires sustained visual attention
  11. eye fatigue.

NOTE: If symptoms of dry eye persist, consult an eye care professional to get an accurate diagnosis of the condition and begin treatment to avoid permanent damage.

Causes and Risk Factors

What are the causes of dry eye?

Dry eye can be a temporary or chronic condition:

  1. Dry eye can be a side effect of some medications, including antihistamines, nasal decongestants, tranquilizers, certain blood pressure medicines, Parkinson’s medications, birth control pills and anti-depressants.
  2. Skin disease on or around the eyelids can result in dry eye.
  3. Diseases of the glands in the eyelids, such as meibomian gland dysfunction, can cause dry eye.
  4. Dry eye can occur in women who are pregnant.
  5. Women who are on hormone replacement therapy may experience dry eye symptoms. Women taking only estrogen are 70 percent more likely to experience dry eye, whereas those taking estrogen and progesterone have a 30 percent increased risk of developing dry eye.
  6. Dry eye can also develop after the refractive surgery known as LASIK. These symptoms generally last three to six months, but may last longer in some cases.
  7. Dry eye can result from chemical and thermal burns that scar the membrane lining the eyelids and covering the eye.
  8. Allergies can be associated with dry eye.
  9. Infrequent blinking, associated with staring at computer or video screens, may also lead to dry eye symptoms.
  10. Both excessive and insufficient dosages of vitamins can contribute to dry eye.
  11. Homeopathic remedies may have an adverse impact on a dry eye condition.
  12. Loss of sensation in the cornea from long-term contact lens wear can lead to dry eye.
  13. Dry eye can be associated with immune system disorders such as Sjögren’s syndrome, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Sjögren’s leads to inflammation and dryness of the mouth, eyes, and other mucous membranes. It can also affect other organs, including the kidneys, lungs and blood vessels.
  14. Dry eye can be a symptom of chronic inflammation of the conjunctiva, the membrane lining the eyelid and covering the front part of the eye, or the lacrimal gland. Chronic conjunctivitis can be caused by certain eye diseases, infection, exposure to irritants such as chemical fumes and tobacco smoke, or drafts from air conditioning or heating.
  15. If the surface area of the eye is increased, as in thyroid disease when the eye protrudes forward or after cosmetic surgery if the eyelids are opened too widely, dry eye can result.
  16. Dry eye may occur from exposure keratitis, in which the eyelids do not close completely during sleep.

Who is likely to develop dry eye?

Elderly people frequently experience dryness of the eyes, but dry eye can occur at any age. Nearly five million Americans 50 years of age and older are estimated to have dry eye. Of these, more than three million are women and more than one and a half million are men. Tens of millions more have less severe symptoms. Dry eye is more common after menopause. Women who experience menopause prematurely are more likely to have eye surface damage from dry eye.


How is dry eye treated?

Depending on the causes of dry eye, your doctor may use various approaches to relieve the symptoms.

Dry eye can be managed as an ongoing condition. The first priority is to determine if a disease is the underlying cause of the dry eye (such as Sjögren’s syndrome or lacrimal and meibomian gland dysfunction). If it is, then the underlying disease needs to be treated.

Cyclosporine, an anti-inflammatory medication, is the only prescription drug available to treat dry eye. It decreases corneal damage, increases basic tear production, and reduces symptoms of dry eye. It may take three to six months of twice-a-day dosages for the medication to work. In some cases of severe dry eye, short term use of corticosteroid eye drops that decrease inflammation is required.

If dry eye results from taking a medication, your doctor may recommend switching to a medication that does not cause the dry eye side effect.

If contact lens wear is the problem, your eye care practitioner may recommend another type of lens or reducing the number of hours you wear your lenses. In the case of severe dry eye, your eye care professional may advise you not to wear contact lenses at all.

Another option is to plug the drainage holes, small circular openings at the inner corners of the eyelids where tears drain from the eye into the nose. Lacrimal plugs, also called punctal plugs, can be inserted painlessly by Dr. Annie. The patient usually does not feel them. These plugs are made of silicone or collagen, are reversible, and are a temporary measure. In severe cases, permanent plugs may be considered.

In some cases, a simple surgery, called punctal cautery, is recommended to permanently close the drainage holes. The procedure helps keep the limited volume of tears on the eye for a longer period of time.

In some patients with dry eye, supplements or dietary sources (such as tuna fish) of omega-3 fatty acids (especially DHA and EPA) may decrease symptoms of irritation. The use and dosage of nutritional supplements and vitamins should be discussed with your primary medical doctor.

What can I do to help myself?

  • Use artificial tears, gels, gel inserts, and ointments – available over the counter – as the first line of therapy. They offer temporary relief and provide an important replacement of naturally produced tears in patients with aqueous tear deficiency. Avoid artificial tears with preservatives if you need to apply them more than four times a day or preparations with chemicals that cause blood vessels to constrict.
  • Wearing glasses or sunglasses that fit close to the face (wrap around shades) or that have side shields can help slow tear evaporation from the eye surfaces. Indoors, an air cleaner to filter dust and other particles helps prevent dry eyes. A humidifier also may help by adding moisture to the air.
  • Avoid dry conditions and allow your eyes to rest when performing activities that require you to use your eyes for long periods of time. Instill lubricating eye drops while performing these tasks.

Courtesy: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health (NEI/NIH)This article can be found at https://nei.nih.gov/health/dryeye/dryeye The National Eye Institute (NEI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and is the Federal government’s lead agency for vision research that leads to sight-saving treatments and plays a key role in reducing visual impairment and blindness.

Department of Health and Human Services (link is external) | The National Institutes of Health (link is external) | USA.gov (link is external)

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Why are Maui Jim sunglasses the best

Maui Jim Sunglasses are better than the rest?

Maui Jim are known for delivering some of the best sunglasses on the market today. If you are looking for Maui Jim sunglasses in Portland Oregon, you should strongly consider going to Eye Department in the authorized Maui Jim stockist in SW Portland, Oregon so that you can make sure the sunglasses you are receiving are 100% authentic.


Why are Maui Jim sunglasses better than the rest?

One of the best parts about these sunglasses is that they also come in prescription style glasses. With a wide range of frames and lenses to suit your style as well as the option for polarized or transition lenses, you can enjoy Maui Jim glasses which are made for your prescription. Just go to Eye Department in Portland, Oregon and find out whether prescription Maui Jim sunglasses are available in your prescription. Do remember to bring you prescription. If your prescription is expired, Portland Optometrist, Dr. Annie Bacon is accepting new patients and most vision insurances. Scheduling your eye exam online is as easy as visiting www.eyedepartment.com

The main reason that Maui Jim Glasses are the best is that they were purpose built for the beach. The company got started on the beaches of Lahaina Hawaii. They were so the first to incorporate technology that could block out harmful UV rays and a special polarized plus2 lens design. There are now more than an astounding 125 styles of glasses. Every single one of the glasses offered through this company is polarized to protect from UVB and UVA rays.

Why are Maui Jim Glasses so expensive?

We consider Maui Jim sunglasses as an investment in your vision. Sunglasses are similar to other medical devices where quality of construction differentiates them from the entry level products. Maui Jim sunglasses provide color, clarity and detail like you’ve never seen. The proprietary 9 layer coating system includes the highest technology polarization on the market. Every Maui Jim sunglasses is made to create the most optimal visual performance available for the wearer.


Maui Jim sunglasses are warranted to the original purchaser for two years from the date of purchase against any defect in materials and workmanship. Nose pads and temples are free as long as the parts are available. Maui Jim will repair or replace at our option, any pair of Maui Jims found to be defective and exclusive of damage caused by improper or unreasonable use.

-Maui Jim sunglasses have PolarizedPlus2 technology that elimates 99.9% of glare, enhances color and contrast and promote eye health.

-History: With a company that dates back to 1980 and a brand that dates back to luxurious Hawaiian beaches, this is a company that was born from the surf.

– Style: With a vast array of styles these are extremely desirable glasses for any style profile.

– Quality: All of the frames are built out of superior materials and these glasses are built to last.

– Superior 9 layer rare earth mineral lens coatings provide superior protection: Glasses are built for superior protection from UVA and UVB rays and Blue light.

Contact Eye Department today at 503-227-0573 if you want more information about Maui Jim Glasses in Portland Oregon.

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Barton Perreira Betty Eyeglasses

Barton Perreira Betty Eyeglasses

Frame in Focus Portland Eyewear

The Barton Perreira eyeglass collection is stunning to say the least. The Barton Perreira brand is designed by Patty Perreira, led by Bill Barton and dedicated to luxury. Patty is one of if not the most prolific eyewear designers in the world and Bill is one of the most experienced eyewear executives in the business. Patty’s designs have born worn by politicians, celebrities, athletes and musicians alike. The colors are deep, rich and warm. The materials are sourced from Italy and Japan and handcrafted in Japan. Japanese manufacturing is considered to be among the best in the world. There is no detail left to chance. The acetates are sourced exclusively for Barton Perreira who is able to create some of the most beautiful eyewear in the world. Even the angles of the temples must align perfectly with the pantascopic angle of the frame chassis in order to be approved Barton Perreira eyeglasses. The finishing work takes places over weeks with acetates tumbling in wood chips, polished and then placed back in the wood chip tumbler for several days. This multi-faceted finishing process creates the beautiful finishes that Barton Perreira is known for. 

This season is inspirational, aspirational and accessible. Today, we’re highlighting the Betty eyeglass frames. These beautifully feminine acetate and titanium frames provide a classic contour and accent to a range of face shapes. The fit and finish is undoubtedly among the finest aesthetically pleasing collections available. These Barton Perreira Betty spectacles are designed in the USA and handmade in Japan. Barton Perreira is for the discerning individual seeking the ideal fit. These acetates are so exclusive, it is important to call Eye Department to check on availability. 

BETTY_BLACK-GOLD_ZYL_TITANIUM_Eye_Department_Portland_Goose_Hollow_eyeglasses BETTY_HEROINE_CHIC-GOLD_ZYL_TITANIUM_Eye_Department_Portland_Eyewear BETTY_MATTE_TEAK-BRUSHED_GOLD_ZYL_TITANIUM_Eye_Department_Portland_Goose_Hollow_Eyeglasses BETTY_SKYLINE-SILVER_ZYL_TITANIUM_Eye_Department_portland_eyewear_goose_hollow BETTY_STORMY-PEWTER_ZYL_TITANIUM_Eye_Department_portland_eyeglasses_handmade BETTY_TEA_ROSE_GRADIENT-BRUSHED_GOLD_ZYL_TITANIUM_eyeglasses_portland_eye_department_portland_eyecare

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It can be very frustrating when a contact lens tears. A torn contact would be uncomfortable on your eyes but not only that, it may also cause harm to your eye. Don’t beat yourself up. Contacts tear occasionally but simply give Eye Department; Eye Care & Eyewear a call to request a replacement contact lens.

This is a fairly common annoyance but contact lenses occasionally tear. This is especially true for new contact lens wearing patients. You handle a contact lens every day, so please know that accidents happen as you develop your contact lens insertion and removal skills. If you have any questions about inserting or removing contact lenses, give Eye Department; Eye Care & Eyewear a call at 503-227-0573. The team at Eye Department can help triage the situation and provide you with solutions to your contact lens woes. We often find that contact lenses are more likely to tear when they are overworn or old. Contact lenses have a shelf life so it is important to maintain the recommended replacement schedule.

Contact lenses come in a huge variety of designs, materials and modalities. Some contact lenses are more prone to tearing than others.  If you experience frequent problems with your contact lenses tearing, call Eye Department at 503-227-0573


Yes! You should NEVER wear a torn, dirty, expired or overworn contact lens. The jagged edges of the torn lens can scratch your eye. This front surface of your eye is called the cornea and it is very delicate. This is the tissue that contact lenses rest upon. This tissue may become irritated, inflamed or worse. Each contact lens is designed with a specific curve to rest upon the eyeball comfortable. If the lens is torn, it will no longer match the curvature of the front of your eye. In turn, the lens will not fit properly and is more likely to move, shift, tear further and even damage your cornea. When a contact lens does not sit centered on your eye, your vision will blur. If the lens moves too much, it may get caught below your eyelid causing pain and irritation. This may require a trip to Eye Department to have the foreign body removed. Occasionally, a patient will attempt to wear a torn lens and the lens tears further, leaving pieces of lens trapped below your eyelid or worse. We understand that things happen, which is why it is best to call Eye Department at 503-227-0573 to request information, training or a replacement lens.


Each contact lens patient at Eye Department; Eye Care & Eyewear receives individualized contact lens training on how to insert and remove contact lenses. This is part of the services included in the Eye Department contact lens evaluation services. Always inspect your lenses before placing them in your eye. Place the lens on the end of your finger with all the curves facing up, ready to be placed onto the cornea. Take a quick visual inspection for any tears, chips in the edge, cracks or rips. If you see any tears, chips, rips or cracks. , just throw away the lens and start with a new one. And did we mention that you should NEVER put a torn lens into your eye?

If your contact lens tears after you have put it in your eye, carefully take it out and throw it away. This is why Dr. Annie recommends to always keep an extra contact lens available.


Give Dr. Annie at Eye Department a call. Do not attempt to have your coworker, friend or family member stick their fingers in your eye to fish it out. This will likely cause more pain and irritation and could lead to a more pressing problem. The piece of contact lens can become very difficult to remove if it has lodged itself below or above the eyelid. Dr. Annie has the equipment and Optometry degree to handle these cases. Don’t try and be a hero; call Dr. Annie first. Having a piece of contact lens get stuck in your eye is a more common occurrence than you would expect. If you remove a torn lens and a piece of it stays in your eye, it can be hard to get the small piece out. If you must attempt on your own, do remember to wash your hands. If you can locate the left over piece, try to slide it to the outside corner of your eye with your clean finger. If the piece is big enough and you can get it to the corner, you may be able to pull it out. If you can’t locate a part of the lens or if you find it but can’t remove it, call Dr. Annie at Eye Department; Eye Care & Eyewear at 503-227-0573 as soon as possible. We keep emergency appointments available for our patients. Dr. Annie will use special colored contrast dyes to highlight the remaining piece of contact lens. The dye is not painful but this is the best way to locate the torn contact lens piece and reduce any potential corneal inflammation.


When you remove the contact lens from the case, allow the lens to sit facing up on the tip of your finger. Do remember not to pinch a contact lens tightly in the center. Pinching the contact lens may cause it to crack or tear and will reduce the wear-ability. Keep your fingernails clean and trimmed. Do not use your fingernails to remove a contact lens from your eye. Your fingernail may cause a corneal abrasion, which can be very painful and even cause scarring. Always remember to store your contact lenses in case. When using a weekly or bi-weekly lens, do remember to rinse and submerge the lens in solution before closing the case. Lenses may get pinched in the case, which may cause cracking or tearing. When taking your contact lenses out of the case, be sure to inspect them carefully each time before you place them into your eye. As a kind reminder, throw out torn or ripped contact lenses and do not attempt to put a torn or ripped lens in your eye. Call Eye Department at 503-227-0573 for help.

Please use the recommended replacement schedule for your contact lenses. As Eye Care Professionals, Eye Department makes recommendations based on decades of experience and manufacturer recommendations. Contact lenses should be replaced as recommended by Dr. Annie. Contact lenses deteriorate as they are worn and older lenses are much more likely to tear and cause eye infections. It’s best to avoid eye infections, especially when Eye Department can easily provide a replacement lens. Contact lenses will not completly re-hydrate once they have dried out. If the contact lens has dried out, throw it out.

Eye Department recommends keeping a back up pair of glasses with your current prescription. Vision is a critical component in success and keeping a back up option is the best idea. We recommend bringing extra contact lenses with you during your travels as these circumstances seem to arise when least expecting it.


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Barton Perreira Mary Jane Eyeglasses

Barton Perreira Mary Jane Eyeglasses

Frame in Focus Portland Eyewear

The Barton Perreira eyeglass collection is stunning to say the least. The Barton Perreira brand is designed by Patty Perreira, led by Bill Barton and dedicated to luxury. Patty is one of if not the most prolific eyewear designers in the world and Bill is one of the most experienced eyewear executives in the business. Patty’s designs have born worn by politicians, celebrities, athletes and musicians alike. The colors are deep, rich and warm. The materials are sourced from Italy and Japan and handcrafted in Japan. Japanese manufacturing is considered to be among the best in the world. There is no detail left to chance. The acetates are sourced exclusively for Barton Perreira who is able to create some of the most beautiful eyewear in the world. Even the angles of the temples must align perfectly with the pantascopic angle of the frame chassis in order to be approved Barton Perreira eyeglasses. The finishing work takes places over weeks with acetates tumbling in wood chips, polished and then placed back in the wood chip tumbler for several days. This multi-faceted finishing process creates the beautiful finishes that Barton Perreira is known for. 

This season is inspirational, aspirational and accessible. Today, we’re highlighting the Mary Jane eyeglass frames. These beautifully feminine frames provide a uplift to contour and highlight a range of face shapes. The fit and finish is undoubtedly among the finest aesthetically pleasing collections available. These Barton Perreira Mary Jane spectacles are designed in the USA and handmade in Japan. Barton Perreira is for the discerning individual seeking the ideal fit. These acetates are so exclusive, it is important to call Eye Department to check on availability. Barton_Perreira_Eye_Department_Goose_Hollow_Portland_MARY-JANE_HEROINE-CHIC-BRUSHED-GOLD_ZYL-TITANIUM Barton_Perreira_Eye_Department_Portland_Eye_Exam_MARY-JANE_BLACK-BRUSHED-GOLD_ZYL-TITANIUM Barton_Perreira_Eye_Department_Portland_MARY-JANE_MATTE-TEAK-BRUSHED-GOLD_ZYL-TITANIUM Barton_Perreira_Eye_Department_Portland_MARY-JANE_SPANISH-CEDAR-ANTIQUE-GOLD_ZYL-TITANIUM Barton_Perreira_Portland_Eye_Department_Goose_Hollow_MARY-JANE_SORREL-GRADIENT-BRUSHED-ROSE-GOLD_ZYL-TITANIUM Barton_Perreira_Portland_Eye_Department_MARY-JANE_STORMY-BRUSHED-SILVER_ZYL-TITANIUM

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What is the difference between a vision screening and an eye exam?

What’s the difference between a vision screening and an eye exam?

There is a big difference between a vision screening and an eye exam. A vision screening is very basic and eye exams by Dr. Annie Bacon are very thorough. A vision screening is generally performed by a school nurse or pediatrician. According to American Eye-Q survey, these vision screenings miss 95% of child vision abnormalities. Portland Optometrist Annie Bacon recommends that every child receive their first eye exam by age 2 years old and as early as 3 months. This is the most critical time for vision development in babies. Portland eye doctor Annie Bacon does not believe a vision screening can substitute for regular Optometric vision care. Both adults and children can receive passing marks on a vision screening but still have eye health and vision problems. The only way to rule out any vision abnormalities or identify eye disease is through a comprehensive eye exam. Online refraction services are not a replacement for a comprehensive eye exam by an Optometrist.

Is there a difference between a vision screening and an eye exam?

In contrast to vision screening, a comprehensive eye exam can facilitate diagnosis of visual problems. It involves the use of eye drops to dilate the pupil, enabling a more thorough investigation of the overall health of the eye and the visual system. Eye Department; Eye Care & Eyewear provides full scope medical eye exams in the Goose Hollow neighborhood of Portland that go well beyond simple vision refraction and generally last 45 minutes. You can be confident that Dr. Annie Bacon can provide the best eye care in Portland.

Dr. Annie believes that every patient is unique and deserves individualized care and attention. Healthy vision is more than scoring 20/20 on a school screening or passing the vision test at the DMV, and vision problems are more than the obvious symptoms of needing more light to see. Vision screenings should not be confused with a comprehensive vision analysis by an Optometrist. Key elements of the comprehensive eye exams at Eye Department; Eye Care & Eyewear in Portland includes dilation, tonometry, binocular vision testing, and visual acuity. Dilation allows Dr. Annie to get a better view of the back of the eye. Many diseases can be identified first during a dilated eye exam before being seen anywhere else in the body. The following video by the National Eye Institute showcases what Dr. Annie can see during your dilated eye exam at Eye Department.

Video developed and provided by the National Eye Institute: https://nei.nih.gov/healthyeyes/eyeexam

The American Academy of Ophthalmology advises parents to seek a comprehensive eye exam when:

  1. Their child fails a vision screening.
  2. Vision screening is inconclusive or cannot be performed.
  3. Referred by a pediatrician or school nurse.
  4. Their child has a vision complaint or observed abnormal visual behavior, or is at risk for developing eye problems. Children with medical conditions (e.g., Down syndrome, prematurity, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, neurofibromatosis) or a family history of amblyopia, strabismus, retinoblastoma, congenital cataracts or congenital glaucoma are at higher risk for developing pediatric eye problems.
  5. Their child has a learning disability, developmental delay, neuropsychological condition or behavioral issue.

What are the limitations of a vision screening?

  1. Untrained personnel running the screening
  2. Very limited testing
  3. Inadequate testing equipment

Eye Department is a patient first practice where we strive to provide our patients and clients with an unparalleled eye care and eyewear experience.  Eye Department eye exams include screenings for diabetes, glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataract and other systemic conditions that can be seen in your eyes earlier than anywhere else in your body. Dr. Annie is accepting new patients and most insurances.

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Pink Eye Facts

Pink Eye Facts Eye_department_pink-eye_cartoon

Pink eye is one of the most common and treatable eye conditions in children and adults; about 3 million cases of pink eye occur in the United States each year. Treatment is not always needed and the course of treatment depends on the underlying cause.

What is Pink Eye?

Pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, involves inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, clear tissue that lines the inside of the eyelid and covers the white part of the eye, or sclera. The inflammation makes blood vessels more visible, giving the eye a pink or reddish appearance. The affected eye(s) may be painful, itchy or have a burning sensation. The eyes can also tear or have a discharge that forms a crust during sleep causing the eyes to be “stuck shut” in the morning. Other signs or symptoms that may accompany pink eye include:

  • Swelling of the conjunctiva
  • Feeling like a foreign body is in the eye(s)
  • Sensitivity to bright light
  • Enlargement and/or tenderness of the lymph node in front of the ear. This enlargement may feel like a small lump when touched. (Lymph nodes act as filters in the body, collecting and destroying viruses and bacteria.)
  • Contact lenses that do not stay in place on the eye and/or feel uncomfortable due to bumps that may form under the eyelid.

What Causes Pink Eye?

Pink eye is most often caused by bacterial or viral infections. Allergic reactions or exposure to irritants can also cause pink eye. Pinpointing the cause may be difficult because the signs and symptoms tend to be similar regardless of the underlying cause.

Viral conjunctivitis is caused by a wide variety of viruses, but adenovirus and herpesvirus are the most common viruses that cause pink eye. Viral conjunctivitis may also occur along with an upper respiratory tract infection, cold, or sore throat. Viral conjunctivitis is often diagnosed based on a person’s history and symptoms. It tends to occur in both eyes and often accompanies a common cold or respiratory tract infection. Laboratory tests usually are not needed to diagnose viral conjunctivitis; however, testing may be done if a more severe form of viral conjunctivitis is suspected. More severe causes include herpes simplex virus (which usually involves blisters on the skin), varicella-zoster virus (chickenpox and shingles), rubella or rubeola (measles). This testing is performed using a sample of the discharge from an infected eye.

Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by infection of the eye with bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumonia, or Haemophilus. It is a common reason for children to stay home sick from day care or school. Bacterial conjunctivitis tends to occur in one eye and may accompany an ear infection. A sample of the discharge from the affected eye may be obtained for laboratory tests to determine which type of bacteria is causing the pink eye and how best to treat it.

Allergic conjunctivitis can be caused by allergies to pollen, dust mites, molds, or animal dander. Allergic conjunctivitis tends to occur in both eyes and often accompanies allergy symptoms, such as an itchy nose, sneezing, and scratchy throat. Allergic conjunctivitis may occur seasonally when pollen counts are high, and it can cause the person’s eyes to itch intensely. A detailed health history may help determine the source of the allergic reaction.

Irritants such as contact lenses and lens solutions, chlorine in a swimming pool, smog or cosmetics may also be an underlying cause of conjunctivitis.

How is Pink Eye Treated?

Most cases of pink eye are mild and will resolve on their own without prescription treatment. In many cases, symptom relief can be achieved by using artificial tears for the dryness and cold packs for the inflammation. (Artificial tears can be purchased without a doctor’s prescription.)

However, you should seek medical attention if you have any of following symptoms:

  • Moderate to severe pain in the eye(s)
  • Vision problems, such as sensitivity to light or blurred vision, that do not improve when any discharge present is wiped from the eye(s)
  • Intense redness in the eye(s)
  • Symptoms that become worse or persist when severe viral conjunctivitis is suspected

Also seek medical attention if you have signs of conjunctivitis and you have a weakened immune system from HIV infection, cancer treatment, or other medical conditions or treatments.

Viral Conjunctivitis:

Most cases of viral conjunctivitis are mild and will clear up in 7–14 days without treatment and without any long-term consequences. In some cases, however, viral conjunctivitis can take two or more weeks to resolve, especially if complications arise.

Antiviral medication can be prescribed by a physician to treat more serious forms of conjunctivitis, such as those caused by herpes simplex virus or varicella-zoster virus. Antibiotics will not improve viral conjunctivitis as these drugs are not effective against viruses.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Mild bacterial conjunctivitis may get better without antibiotic treatment and without causing any severe complications.

Antibiotics can help shorten the illness and reduce the spread of infection to others. Your healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointment, which should resolve the infection within several days.

Consult your healthcare provider if you have been given antibiotics for bacterial conjunctivitis and symptoms have not improved after 24 hours of treatment.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis caused by an allergy usually improves by eliminating or significantly reducing contact with the allergen (such as pollen or animal dander). Allergy medications and certain eye drops can also provide relief.

Conjunctivitis caused by an irritant often clears up by eliminating the irritant. If you develop conjunctivitis and you wear contacts, stop using them temporarily until the conjunctivitis resolves. In some cases, your healthcare provider may also prescribe drug treatments to improve symptoms.


Courtesy: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health (NEI/NIH)

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Nine Habits for Healthy Eyes

Nine Habits for Healthy Eyes

We are asked often about how to maintain healthy eyes as we age. Similar to your overall health, there are plenty of steps you can take to maintain healthy eyes. Aging is a natural process and one of the only guarantees in life. By making a conscious effort to maintain a healthy lifestyle, your overall health should improve. Be sure to consult your doctor prior to undergoing any dramatic lifestyle changes. In general, the following nine items will lead to a higher level of health.

  1. Stop smoking right now or never start.
  2. Exercise regularly (150 aerobic minutes/week) and maintain a healthy weight.
  3. Eat right to protect your healthy eyes. Eat foods like California Avocados, dark leafy greens such as spinach, kale or collared greens, and be sure to include nuts, whole grains and fish that are high is in omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon, albacore tuna, trout and halibut.
  4. Monitor your healthy eyes by establishing a relationship with an Optometrist and schedule annual comprehensive dilated eye exams. An online refraction is not an eye exam.
  5. Healthy eyes require protection. Do remember to wear protective eyewear when playing sports or doing activities around the home, like yard work, home repairs or soldering Arduino boards.
  6. Wear sunglasses that block 99-100% of ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. Feel free to wear your sunglasses indoors and even on those lovely gray days of Portland, Oregon.
  7. When possible, wear daily disposable contact lenses as they are the healthiest modality for your eyes and our planet.
  8. Wash your hands before taking out your contact lenses and cleanse your contact lenses properly to avoid infection. Refer to these contact lens care instructions.
  9. Practice workplace safety by wearing protective eyewear. Remember Murphy’s Law.
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How to take care of contact lenses

How to take care of contact lenses

Dr. Annie Bacon and Eye Department in Portland, Oregon thoroughly enjoy working with contact lens patients in Portland, Oregon. It is important to understand how to take care of contact lenses. Contact lenses can be an excellent option or tool for many patients. Contact lenses are great for active sports, Have you ever thought to yourself, I wish I could try contact lenses but my astigmatism prevents me. Well, that may not necessarily be true. Give Eye Department Eye Care & Eyewear a call at 503-227-0573 to discuss options. If you are a new contact lens wearer or your child is new to wearing contact lenses, the information in this post will provide a baseline for care and use. It is important to maintain healthy eyes and using proper care and cleaning is critical in your success as a contact lens wearer.

Whether you are new to contact lenses or have been wearing them for a while, it is important to get started with the basics. Portland Optometrist Annie Bacon at Eye Department Eye Care & Eyewear provides full-service eye care for contact lenses. This post will provide you with an overview of what you can expect during your comprehensive eye exam and contact lens evaluation. Full service means comprehensive and individualized eye care. Dr. Annie enjoys working with the latest and greatest contact lenses including dailies, cosmetic and colored contact lenses. Simply having worn a certain brand or a certain modality for an extended time period is not a reason to exclude  other options. It’s always fun trying the latest and greatest contact lens technology and what better way to make an informed opinion than to enjoy the process and try additional contact lens options. Ciba Vision/Alcon, Johnson and Johnson, Vistakon and  Baush + Lomb are major research organizations that are continually pushing the boundaries in contact lens technology. Contact lens technology has improved and the industry has grown dramatically in the past few years. Eye Department recommends patients maintain an open mind when it comes to eye care solutions. Simply because something worked in the past is not a guarantee that it will continue to work in the future. As we age, so do our eyes.  This is why Portland Eye Doctor Annie Bacon recommends the healthiest contact lenses for each patients based on current needs, lifestyle and desired outcomes. Dr. Annie Bacon works with Portland contact lens patients in a comprehensive manner to understand visual needs, concerns and lifestyle desires. This process includes a thorough eye examination, an evaluation of your suitability for contact lens wear, the lenses, necessary lens care kits, individual instructions for wear and care and unlimited follow-up visits over a specified time. It is important to recognize that the corrective prescription for glasses and contacts will always be different. These are different products and solutions sitting at different distances from your retina. Most glasses sit 8-12 millimeters from your eye ball whereas the contact lens sits directly on your eye ball. Therefor, it is safe to say the calculation, contact lens evaluations and measurements will be different from your glasses prescription. Please do not assume your google search is more informative than our decades of combined experience in eye care and eyewear.

What are the best contact lenses for me? Are you a new contact lens wearer? Are your children new to wearing contact lenses?

Recommendations for Contact Lens Wearers from the American Optometric Association

      1. Always wash your hands before handling contact lenses.
      2. Carefully and regularly clean contact lenses, as directed by your optometrist. Rub the contact lenses with fingers and rinse thoroughly before soaking lenses overnight in sufficient multi-purpose solution to completely cover the lens.
      3. Store lenses in the proper lens storage case and replace the case at a minimum of every three months. Clean the case after each use, and keep it open and dry between cleanings.
      4. Use only products recommended by your optometrist to clean and disinfect your lenses. Saline solution and rewetting drops are not designed to disinfect lenses.
      5. Only fresh solution should be used to clean and store contact lenses. Never re-use old solution. Contact lens solution must be changed according to the manufacturer’s recommendations, even if the lenses are not used daily.
      6. Always follow the recommended contact lens replacement schedule prescribed by your optometrist.
      7. Remove contact lenses before swimming or entering a hot tub.
      8. See your optometrist for your regularly scheduled contact lens and eye examination.

Source: http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/caring-for-your-vision/contact-lenses?sso=y

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